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100 unique rock-cut structures in India

India is one of the countries in the world that is known for its stone and rock-cut structures. Be it temples, ancient caves, sculptures, carvings or pillars, we have them all gifted to us by our ancestors. In addition there are the modern day rock gardens and sculpture parks making the country quite a diverse one when it comes to rock tourism. In this snapshot we decided to bring for our readers a list of all the rock-cut structures in the country. These attractions are diverse and are found in various parts of the country. So whichever part of India you may plan to visit, there’s one or more attractions from this list to check out around.

1. The Thousand Pillar Temple Warangal

The Thousand Pillar Temple or Rudreshwara Swamy Temple is a historic Hindu temple located in the town of Hanamakonda in Telangana. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. This temple, along with the Warangal Fort and the Ramappa Temple are in the proposed list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

2. Pattadakal

This place is full of beautiful architectural masterpieces in rocks which unknown architects and artists studying here created while experimenting with different styles, by blending the Naga­ra and Dravidian styles. The structures are mainly cave temples inside rocks and structural temples built above ground.

3. Ajanta caves

These are 30 rock-cut Buddhist caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra which date from the 2nd century BC to about 480 AD. The caves have paintings and rock-cut sculptures which are among the finest surviving examples of ancient Indian art that present emotion through gesture, pose and form.

4. Ellora caves

Ellora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Aurang­abad district of Maharashtra. It is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-cum-temple cave complexes in the world, featuring Buddhist, Hindu and Jain monuments, and artwork, dating from the period from 600-1000 AD.

5. Elephanta Caves

Elephanta Caves are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a col­lection of cave temples predominantly dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. These are to be found in the Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri in Mumbai Harbour, located 10 kilometres to the east of the city of Mumbai in Maharashtra.

6. Kailasha temple, Verul

The Kailasha or Kailashanatha temple is one of the largest In­dian rock-cut ancient Hindu temples located in the Ellora Caves. A megalith carved out of one single rock, it is considered to be one of the most remarkable cave temples in India because of its sheer size, beautiful architecture and sculptural treatment.

7. Vivekananda Rock Memorial

It is a popular tourist monument in Vavathurai, Kanyakumari, in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was built in 1970 in honour of Swami Vivekananda who is said to have attained enlightenment on the rock. According to local legends, it was on this rock that Goddess Kumari performed austerity.

8. Bhimbhetka

Some of the Bhimbetka rock shelters feature prehistoric cave paintings and the earliest of these are about 30,000 years old. These cave paintings show themes such as animals, early evidence of dance and hunting. The Bhimbetka site has the oldest known rock art in the Indian subcontinent. It is also one of the largest prehistoric complexes in the country.

9. Masrur temples

The Masrur Temples, also referred to as Masroor Temples or Rock-cut Temples at Masrur, is an early 8th-century complex of rock-cut Hindu temples in the Kangra Valley of Beas River in Himachal Pradesh. The temples face northeast, towards the Dhauladhar range of the Himalayas.

10. Pancha Rathas, Mahabalipuram

Pancha Rathas is a monument complex at Mahabalipuram, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, in the Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu. Pancha Rathas is an example of monolithic rock-cut architecture in India.

11. Shore temple, Mahabalipuram

The Shore Temple is so named because it overlooks the shore of the Bay of Bengal. It is a structural temple, built with blocks of granite, dating from the 8th century AD. At the time of its crea­tion, the site was a busy port during the reign of King Narasim­havarman II of the Pallava dynasty and the area was quite opulent.

12. Descent of the Ganges, Mahabalipuram

Descent of the Ganges is a monument at Mahabalipuram (also called Mamallapuram), on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, in the Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu. Measuring 96 by 43 feet, it is a giant open-air rock relief carved on two mono­lithic rock boulders and is quite popular with tourists.

13. Krishna mandapam, Mahabalipuram

Mandapa of Krishna or Krishna Mandapam is a monument in Mahabalipuram. It is part of the Group of Monuments at Mahaba­lipuram that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1984.

14. Ganesha ratha, Mahabalipuram

Ganesha Ratha is a temple in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu. It is one of ten rathas carved out of pink granite within the group of monuments of the Pallava Period at Mahabalipu­ram, a UNESCO-inscribed World Heritage Site since 1984.

15. Arjunas Penance, Mahabalipuram

This is a unique attraction in Mahabalipuram that features an ancient sculpture carved into boulders. It has intricate details.

16. Tiger Cave, Mahabalipuram

The Tiger Cave is a rock-cut Hindu temple complex located in the hamlet of Saluvankuppam near Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu. It gets its name from the carvings of tiger heads on the mouth of a cave which forms a part of the complex.

17. Mahishashurmardini mandapa

Mahishasuramardhini Mandapa Cave Temple; also known as Yampuri, is an example of Indian rock-cut architecture. It dates from the late 7th century, the reign of the Pallava dynasty. It is a rock-cut cave temple located on a hill, near a lighthouse, along with other caves in Mahabalipuram.

18. Stone Chariot, Hampi

One of the most important attractions of the ancient Kingdom of Vijayanagar at Hampi in Karnataka, the beautiful carvings of this stone chariot and its sheer beauty makes it a ‘must-visit’ at­traction of the place which is otherwise covered in ruins.

19. Varaha cave temple

It is one of the most impressive temples in Hampi and is famous for its architectural beauty and carvings on the walls. The temple is located close to the River Tungabhadra.

20. Kanheri caves

These are a group of caves and rock-cut monuments carved from a huge basalt outcrop in the forests of Sanjay Gandhi Na­tional Park, on the island of Salsette in the outskirts of Mumbai.

21. Lomas Rishi cave

Also called the Grotto of Lomas Rishi, it is one of the man-made Barabar Caves in the Barabar and Nagarjuni hills of Jehanabad in Bihar. This rock-cut cave was carved out as a sanctuary.

22. Pataleshwar temple

The Pataleshwar Mandir is a Hindu Temple in the city of Hajipur, Bihar. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, it is located at Jadhua Road, Hajipur. As per local folklore, it is said to have been in existence since ancient period and Lord Shiva is believed to be in the form of Lingam here.

23. Guntupalli caves

The Guntupalle or Guntupalli Group of Buddhist Monuments is located near Kamavarapukota, West Godavari district, in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located around 40 km away from Eluru. The rock-cut part of the site has two Buddhist caves, a chaitya hall and a large group of stupas.

24. Talaja caves

The Talaja Caves are located in Talaja in the Bhavnagar district of Gujarat. The rocks are carved out into deserted conical ones. The rock cut group include 30 caves out of which about 15 are water tanks.

25. Bojjannakonda caves

Bojjannakonda is a small group of six rock-cut caves that dates back to 4th Century AD when Buddhism was flourishing in the region. The caves have beautifully carved statues of Gautam Buddha which draw tourists and believers from all over the world for its aesthetic and religious importance.

26. Lingalakonda caves

Lingalakonda is a Buddhist rock-cut cave situated near a village called Sankaram, which is a few kilometres away from Anaka­palle, Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. The sites are believed to date between 4th and 9th Century AD, when the 3 phases of Buddhism (Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana) flourished at Sankaram.

27. Thirunadhikkara cave temple

Thirunandikkara Cave Temple is a rock-cut cave temple of Pal­lava art that dates from the seventh and eighth century AD. It is part of Thirunandikkara temple, which is near Thiruvattar in Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu.

28. Gavipuram cave temple

Also called Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple, this temple is an example of Indian rock-cut architecture. It is located in Banga­lore in the state of Karnataka. The temple is famous for its mys­terious stone discs in the forecourt and the planning allowing the sun to shine on the shrine at certain time of the year.

29. Udayagiri caves

The Udayagiri Caves are twenty rock-cut caves near Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh dating from the early years of the 5th century AD. They contain some of the oldest surviving Hindu temples and iconography in the country. They are the only site that can be verifiably associated with a Gupta period monarch from its inscriptions.

30. Undavalli

The Undavalli Caves, a monolithic example of Indian rock-cut architecture and one of the finest testimonials to ancient viswakarma sthapathis, are located in Undavalli of Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh.

31. Badami

The Badami cave temples are a complex of four Hindu cave temples located in Badami, a town in the Bagalkot district in northern part of Karnataka. The caves are a typical example of Indian rock-cut architecture, the Badami Chalukya architec­ture to be precise. The caves date from the period between the 6th and 8th centuries.

32. Aihole

The rock-cut Hindu temple of Ravana Phadi in Aihole, Karna­taka, was made during 550 AD. The temple of Ravana Phadi was once decorated with stunning paintings and artworks, but due to lack of proper preservation there are only fade remnants of paintings on ceiling. Aihole was the capital of the Chalukya dynasty and the sheer number of rock cut temples (125) prove that it was quite a happening place.

33. Barabar Caves

These caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, dating from the Maurya Empire. Some of these have Ashokan inscriptions. The caves are located in the Makhdumpur region of Jehanabad district of Bihar, 24 km from Gaya.

34. Sitamarhi Cave

This is an artificial cave, and an important example of Indian rock-cut architecture. The cave is located 20 km from Rajgir, 10 km from Hisua, and dates from the Maurya empire. It was hewn in a huge hemispherical rock of granite.

35. Jain Son Bhandar Caves

Also called Sonebhandar, these are two artificial caves located in Rajgir in Bihar. The main cave is rectangular with a pointed ceiling, and the entrance is trapezoidal, reminiscent of the structure of the Barabar Caves. It was believed that there were treasure inside. Entry inside the caves is not possible and one has to be happy with just a look from outside.

36. Khandagiri Caves

Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, formerly called Kataka Caves or Cuttack caves, are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance. Located near the city of Bhubaneswar in Odisha, these caves are quite popular with tourists.

37. Karla Caves

These are a complex of ancient Buddhist Indian rock-cut caves located at Karli near Lonavala, Maharashtra. It is just 10.9 km from Lonavala. The shrines here were developed over the period from the 2nd century BC to the 5th century AD.

38. Pandavleni Caves

The Nasik caves, or the Pandavleni Caves, are a group of 24 caves carved between the 1st century BC and the 3nd century AD. Insignificant additional sculptures were added up to about the 6th century; these reflect changes in Buddhist devotional practices.

39. Manmodi Caves

These are a complex of a rock-cut caves located on the Man­modi Hill about 3 km from Junnar in Maharashtra. There are three distinct types of caves here, the Bhutalinga, the Amba-Ambika and the Bhimasankar Group of caves, all of which are architecturally significant.

40. Tulja Caves

Tulja Caves are located beyond the Shivneri hill, about 4km to the west of Junnar in Maharashtra. There are altogether 11 caves that were excavated around 50 BC. Out of these caves, the cave no. 4 has been converted into the temple of Hindu Goddess Tulja Devi.

41. Bagh Caves

The Bagh Caves are a group of nine rock-cut monuments, situated among the southern slopes of the Vindhyas in Bagh town of Dhar district in Madhya Pradesh. These monuments are located at a distance of 97 km from Dhar town.

42. Lenyadri Caves

Lenyadri, sometimes called Ganesa Lena, Ganesh Pahar Caves, or Suleman Caves, represents a series of about 30 rock-cut Bud­dhist caves, located about 5km north of Junnar in Pune district of Maharashtra.

43. Kazhuku Malai

Kalugumalai is a panchayat town in Kovilpatti Taluk of Thoothukudi district in Tamil Nadu. This place is 21 km and 22 km from Kovilpatti and Sankarankovil respectively. The place houses the rock-cut Kalugasalamoorthy Temple, monolithic Vet­tuvan Koil and Kalugumalai Jain Beds.

44. Pitalkhora

The site of the Pitalkhora Caves, in the Satamala range of the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India, is an ancient Buddhist site consisting of 14 rock-cut cave monuments which date back to the third century BC, making it one of the earliest examples of rock-cut Buddhist architecture in India.

45. Ramatheertham, Andhra Pradesh

Ramateertham is a village panchayat in Nellimarla mandal of Vizianagaram district in Andhra Pradesh. It is about 12 km from city of Vizianagaram. It is a famous pilgrimage and an ancient Historical Site since 3rd Century BC.

46. Amarnath Temple

Amarnath cave is a Hindu shrine located in India’s northernmost state of Jammu and Kashmir. The cave is situated at an altitude of 3,888 metres, about 141 km from Srinagar, the summer capital of the state. The destination can be reached through Pahalgam town.

47. Vaishno Devi Temple

Vaishno Devi, also known as Mata Rani, Trikuta and Vaishnavi, is a manifestation of the Hindu Goddess Mata Adi Shakti or Ma­halakshmi. Located in Katra in Jammu and Kashmir, this is a cave temple complex consisting of 4 temples. While a lot of trekking was required to reach here until recently, a ropeway has now been introduced making commuting a little easy.

48. Edakkal Caves

These are two natural caves at a remote location at Edakkal, 25 km from Kalpetta in the Wayanad district of Kerala. They lie 1,200 m above sea level on Ambukutty Mala, near an ancient trade route connecting the high mountains of Mysore to the ports of the Malabar coast. The interior of the caves feature pictorial writings that are believed to date from 6,000 BC. The Stone Age carvings here are unique to South India.

49. Kallil Temple

Kallil Temple is a Jain temple located at Kerala, South India. It is 12 km away from Perumbavoor in Ernakulam district of Kerala. Kallil in Malayalam means ‘in stone’. It is one of the most ancient Jain temple in Kerala and one of the protected monuments in Kerala under Archaeological Survey of India.

50. Aurangabad Caves

The Aurangabad caves are twelve rock-cut Buddhist shrines located on a hill running roughly east to west, close to the city of Aurangabad, Maharashtra and are not to be confused with Ajanta and Ellora Caves.

51. Jagannath Temple

Shree Jagannath Temple of Puri is an important Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Jagannath, a form of lord Maha Vishnu, located on the eastern India, at Puri in Odisha. The temple is housed in a temple having rock-cut architecture.

52. Andimalai Stone Beds, Cholapandiyapuram

The attractive feature of this village is the presence of hillock called Andimalai with Jain caves, stone beds, inscriptions and sculptures. There are 25 stone beds and some of the stone pillows of the beds are carved semicircular.

53. Mahendravadi

Mahendravadi is a village in Tamil Nadu located 58 kms from VEllore and 25 km from Arakkonam. The Mahendravadi Rock-cut cave temple is located here.

54. Rockfort Ucchi Pillayar Temple

Tiruchirappalli Rockfort is a historic fortification and temple com­plex built on an 83 metres (272 ft) high ancient rock. It is located in the city of Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.

55. Singaperumal Koil

Padalathri Narasimhar Temple is dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu located in Singaperumal Koil, a town near Chennai in Tamil Nadu. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is built on a rock.

56. Bhaja Caves, Lonavala

This is a group of 22 rock-cut caves dating back to the 2nd cen­tury BC in Pune district, near Lonavala, Maharashtra. The caves are 400 ft above the Bhaja village, on an important ancient trade route running from the Arabian Sea into the Deccan Plateau.

57. Akkana Madanna Caves

This cave temple is a rock-cut cave temple in Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh. It is situated at the foothill of the Indrakeeladri temple known for Kanaka Durga Temple. It is one of the centrally protected monuments of national importance

58. Belum Caves

These caves are the largest and longest cave system open to the public on the Indian subcontinent. These are known for stalactite and stalagmite formations. The Belum Caves have long passages, galleries, spacious caverns with fresh water and siphons.

59. Bhairavakona Caves

Bhairavakona is a holy place situated on the heart of Nallamala Hills in the Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh.

60. Bodhikonda Caves

At Ramateertham there are three lines of hills standing parallel east and west, and each separated from the other by a narrow valley. The southernmost is known as the Bodhikonda, and on it are the spots connected with Lord Rama, and Jaina remains. There are natural caves, rock art, images and a ruined Jain brick temple towards south west of the hill.

61. Ghanikonda Caves

At Ramateertham, the northern hill is Ghanikonda, so named from an image of that goddess which stands in a natural cave at its western base. In front of this cave and on the rock above it are some mounds that contain both Buddhist and Jain remains.

62. Borra Caves

The Borra Caves, also called Borra Guhalu, are located on the East Coast of India, in the Ananthagiri hills of the Araku Valley of the Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh

63. Guntupalle Caves

The Guntupalle or Guntupalli Group of Buddhist Monuments is located near Kamavarapukota, West Godavari district, in Andhra Pradesh, about 40 km away from Eluru. The rock-cut part of the site has two Buddhist caves, a chaitya hall and many stupas.

64. Moghalrajpuram Caves

The Moghalrajpuram caves are located in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. They are home to three temples. It is one of the cen­trally protected monumemts of national importance and has five rock cut sanctuaries dating back to the 5th century AD.

65. Kamakhya Temple

The Kamakhya Temple also known as Kamrup-Kamakhya temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the mother goddess Kamakhya. It is one of the oldest of the 51 Shakti Pithas in India and is located on a hillock in Guwahati in Assam.

66. Longthai ni Noh, Maibong

Maibong was the capital of the Kachari Dimasa Kingdom. One of the most important remnants of the kingdom is the Stone house which is a monolithic ancient Indian temple from the 12th century with two roofs. It is called the Longthai ni Noh.

67. Dudhnath, Jogighopa

Dudhnath temple, a rock cut one with images of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, is located at Jogighopa in Assam.

68. Dhank Caves

These caves are located near Dhank village near Upleta, Rajkot district, Gujarat. They were chiseled out of calcareous sandstone outcropping during Kshatrapa’s regime. The caves are influenced by Buddhist and Jain cultures and date from 7th century AD.

69. Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups

Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups are located in Junagadh district of Gujarat. The caves are not really caves, but three separate sites of rooms carved out of stone to be used as monks’ quar­ters. These caves were carved from Emperor Ashoka’s period up to 1st-4th century AD.

70. Bava Pyara caves

These are an example of ancient man-made caverns. The caves are a part of the Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups and are located in the eastern part of Junagadh in Gujarat. Bava Pyara caves contains artworks of both Buddhism and Jainism.

71. Kadia Dungar Caves

These are located at Kadia Dungar near Zazpor village of Za­gadiya Taluka of in Bharuch district of Gujarat. The group has seven caves carved out in 1st and 2nd century AD on the moun­tain. The group includes sculpture of monolithic lion pillars.

72. Khambhalida Caves

Khambhalida Caves, or Rajkot Caves, are three Buddhist caves located near Gondal in Rajkot district, Gujarat.

73. Sana Caves

These are a group of caves located on a hill at different levels in Somnath. These caves were built as early as the 2nd century BC. Beautiful carvings, stupas, rock cut pillows and chaityas make these caves even more interesting to tourists.

74. Siyot Caves

The Siyot Caves, sometimes referred to as the Kateshwar Budh­hist Caves, are five rock-cut caves located near Siyot village in the Lakpat Taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat. The main cave has east facing sanctum, ambulatory and space divisions which sug­gests a Shiva temple from the first or second century.

75. Dhosi Hill Cave Temple

Dhosi Hill is an extinct volcano, standing alone in the North-West end of the Aravali mountain range with height varying from about 345 to 470 meters from the surrounding land and 1170 meters from the sea level. There is a temple, a pond, a fort and caves on the top and forest around it.

76. Nar Narayan Cave Temple

This is a rock cut temple in the Shivalik range.

77. Tosham Hill Cave, Aravalli Mountain Range

The Tosham rock inscription, dating from 4th to 5th century, on Tosham hill in Tosham town of Haryana, is an epigraph docu­menting the establishment of a monastery and the building of water tanks for followers of the Satvata during the time of late Gupta Empire

78. Narasimha Jharni

This Hindu temple is accessed by wading through a cave with water around four to five feet deep.

79. Nellitheertha Cave Temple

Nellitheertha Cave Temple in Nellitheertha, Karnataka, is dedi­cated to the Indian deity Sri Somanatheshwara, or Shiva. The temple dates back to 1487 AD. To the right of the temple is a natural cave, about 200 metres long. Access is restricted, forc­ing visitors to crawl in on their knees.

80. Ambukuthi mala

Ambukuthi Mala is a mountain in the Sultan Bathery taluk of Wayanad district in Kerala. It is 12 km from Sulthan Bathery and is located near Ambalavayal.

81. Kaviyoor

Kaviyoor Mahadevar Temple is one of the important Shiva temples in Kerala, and is located in Kaviyoor, Tiruvalla Pathan­amthitta District, Kerala. It is commonly called Thrikkaviyoor Mahadeva Temple. The main deity here is Lord Shiva.

82. Jogeshwari Caves

The Jogeshwari Caves are some of the earliest Buddhist cave temple sculptures located in the Mumbai suburb of Jogeshwari. The caves date back to 520 to 550 AD. These caves belongs to the last stage of the Mahayana Buddhist architecture, which was later taken by the Hindus.

83. Mahakali Caves

The Mahakali Caves, also Kondivite Caves, are a group of 19 rock-cut monuments built between 1st century BC and 6th century AD. This Buddhist monastery is located in the eastern suburb of Andheri in the city of Mumbai.

84. Bahrot Caves

Locally known as Barad, near Dahanu, Maharashtra, these are the only Parsi or Zoroastrian Cave temple in India. Bahrot Caves is located 25 km south of Sanjan, Gujarat and are situ­ated 8 km away from the village of Bordi.

85. Konark Sun Temple

Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century CE sun temple at Kon­ark about 35 kilometres northeast from Puri on the coastline of Odisha. The temple is attributed to king Narasingha Deva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty about 1250 AD.

86. Armamalai Cave

Armamalai Cave is known for its Indian cave paintings. It is to the west of Malayampattu village which is 25 kilometres from Ambur in the Vellore district of Tamil Nadu. The cave is in the protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India and it is an important tourist attraction of Tamil Nadu.

87. Samanar Hills

Samanar Hills or Samanar Malai is a hill rock complex located in Keelakuyilkudi village, 15 kilometres from Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. The hill has been declared as a protected monu­ment by the Archaeological Survey of India.

88. Kalugumalai Jain Beds

Kalugumalai Jain beds in Kalugumalai, a panchayat town in Thoothukudi district in Tamil Nadu, are dedicated to the Jain and Hindu religious figures.

89. Namakkal Rock Fort

It is a historic fort in Namakkal in Tamil Nadu. The fort was built during the reign of Thirumalai Nayak of Madurai in 17th century. The fort is located on the top of a hillock made of a single rock that is 75m tall.

90. Sittanavasal Cave

It is a 2nd-century Jain complex of caves in Sittanavasal village in Pudukottai district of Tamil Nadu. Its name is a distorted form of Sit-tan-na-va-yil, a Tamil word meaning ‘the abode of great saints’. The monument is a rock-cut monastery.

91. Sri Balasubramaniaswami Temple

The Ayikudi Balasubramanya Swami Temple is a small Hindu temple in the village of Ayikudi, Thirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu. The temple is visited by pilgrims and tourists who come to visit Kutralam Falls, Kasi Vishwanathar Temple Tenkasi and Thiruchendur.

92. Thirakoil

The image of the deity is made up of stone and is placed in the chamber of temple which is shown with the body of a serpent.

93. Thiruparankundram

It is known for the Thirupparamkunram Murugan temple, which is one of the Six Abodes of Murugan.

94. Tirumalai (Jain Complex)

Tirumalai is a Jain temple and cave complex dating from the 9th century that is located northwest of Polur in Tamil Nadu.

95. Rajarani Temple

Rajarani Temple is an 11th-century Hindu temple located in Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha. The temple is believed to have been known originally as Indreswara. It is locally known as a ‘love temple’ because of the erotic carvings of women and couples in the complex.

96. Manikeshwari Temple

Manikeshwari Temple is located in Kalahandi district of Odisha. The temple is located to the south of Bhawanipatna. The main deity here is Goddess Manikeshwari. The main devotees are from the fishermen community. During Dussehra festival, ani­mal sacrifice is offered at this temple.

97. Simhanath Temple

Singhanath Temple is dedicated to Shiva who is worshipped by Narasimha, an avatar of Vishnu. The temple has a rekha deula and terraced roof jagamohana of traditional phase of temple style of Kalingan order. The temple is unique for its sculptural embellishment of both the Saivaite and Vaishnava sects.

98. Anegundi Hill

Located in Anegundi village, this is believed to be the erstwhile kingdom of Kishkinda, ruled by the monkey ruler Bali. There is a rocky hill which takes one to a hilltop temple which is believed to be very sacred.

99. Yana Rocks

If you want to admire rock formations, you must come to Yana to see the unique rocks here. One has to trek a little to reach here. At the bottom of the rocks is a Shiva Temple which de­serves a visit. The view all the way up to Yana is also mesmeris­ing. Yana is situated in Karnataka.

100. Toad Rock, Mount Abu

This is one of the viewpoints in Mount Abu in Rajasthan. This is a rocky outcrop that resembles a toad and is quite popular with tourists for views of the hill station.

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